The History of Bison In The Golden Gate State Park

The Golden Gate State Park is famous all around the world for its beauty and rich wildlife, but most importantly the great population of the rare bison that dwell withing the borders of the State Park.

Although the state park has large populations of goats, elk, and bears, the truth is that many tourists visit the park for its buffalo population.

The buffalos were introduced to the park first at the end of the nineteenth century, in 1890 to be exact. This was the year when a cow and a bull were transported to the state park in order to mate and establish the beginnings of the local bison population. The program was so successful that there were 30 bison in the park by 1918.

bison
Bison in the middle of feeding. Source: Wikipedia

Unfortunately the population got infected with several diseases thrughout the years. TBC was the most devastating out of all those diseases and in the end seven bisn had to be transported to other parks in order to save the population. Thankfully the number of the population started sorin again due to a successful breeding program that increased the number of bison over 200000 by the end millenium.

How do the buffalo behave?

Buffalo have very specific ways of behaving. Some might think that dues to being so big and majestic animals they are full of energy and spend their days running around the fields, but this is not the case. They spend the majority of their time feeding with different weeds and grass. When it comes to the Golden Gate State Park they consume mostly Bermuda grass, Keikuga grass, and Kentucky Blue grass, and a small part of their diet is made up of other types of grasses and weed.

The bison eat in a set pattern that is called grazing. This is the act of moving forward while eating grass instead of staying in one place and consuming all the vegetation. This way the buffalo don’t kill the vegetation and leave some for the next day.

American_Bison_with_friends
An american bison. Source: Wikipedia

The bison use their tail as their primary mean of commnication. They also use it to keep away flies, mosquitos and other parasitic insects.  They raise their tail a bit when they are mildly excited. They have a raised tail and a slight bowel movement starts when they get really excited.

Unfortunately the number of the bison population in the Golden Gate State Park started decreasing lately, up to the point where you have o search for them when you go hiking in the park. All in all I am sure that  this decrease in numbers is just a temporay setback in a larger, dominant upward trend. Soon the bison population will be back to its former glory.

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